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Popular Dances

Popular dances are characterized by the absence of academic formalism and the unhibited attitude and innocence of the humble people. It has different origins and multiple reasons (parties and fairs, the end of the farming, romerías, weddings,…) Some of them find their origin even in the Middle Ages, like the Danza de los trovos from Murtas. They are structured dances and with a determined and immobile choreography, transmitted from generation to generation in a constant way. Spain is the country with the most popular dances per square metre in the world. Every city has its own, although some of them have already disappeared.

In the province of Granada we find them distributed according to the diverse geography of our region.

The northern area includes Guadix, Baza and Huéscar. Their continental climate of cold winters is an important factor in their clothing and in the kind of dances composed mostly by fandangos, seguidillas and jotas.

The fandangos are composed by paragraphs of 4 or 6 verse, that when we repeat one of them, either the first or the last one, they finish being 6. The rhythm is ternary and the speed changes according to the town. The seguidillas are mostly dances from Castila-La Mancha that have extended all over the Spanish territory, being executed in different ways and whose musical structure is much more complicated than the fandango one. The jota has been developed mostly in Aragón, but it is also extended over Spain.

From this area, our Association has rescued the following dances:

  • Seguidillas from La Puebla de Don Fabrique
  • Fandango of the Ánimas or Dance from La Puebla de Don Fabrique
  • Jota from La Puebla de Don Fabrique
  • Seguidillas from Almaciles*
  • Malagueña from Almaciles*
  • Jota from Almaciles*
  • Fandango from Huéscar
  • Seguidillas from Huéscar
  • Jotilla from Huéscar
  • Fandango from Baza
  • Seguidillas from Baza
  • Fandango from Río de Baza
  • Fandango from La Legua (Baza)
  • Fandango from Jerez del Marquesado
  • Fandango from CúllarBaza*
  • Seguidillas from CúllarBaza*
  • Fandango from Caniles*
  • Seguidillas from Caniles*
  • Fandango from Dólar*
  • Jotica from Alomartes
  • Fandango from Alomartes*
  • Seguidillas from Castril*
  • Fandango from Gor*
  • Fandango from la Fuente (Fuente Vaqueros)*
  • Malagueña rondeña from Iznalloz*
  • Guaira from Iznalloz*
  • Old malagueña from Lanteira*
  • Dance of the temptations or the neighbouring solidarity from Orce*
  • Seguidillas from Orce*
  • Rondeña from Orce*
  • Fandango from Zújar*

The coastal area is characterized specially by the fishing and the farming of chrimoyas (custard apples), the cane sugar, and the carnation due to its tropical climate, unique in the whole of Europe. This will also affect the kind of clothing and dancing. This area presents relevant influences from the neighbouring Málaga respecting the singing style, because of the strong, spreading and undeniable influence of the Verdial, with its numerous percussion instruments. Among the first ones, we have to mention some characteristic ones from the Granada coast like the called ones “robaos”, because when dancing they take each other´s couples, and the “zánganos”, that are danced in threesomes, that is, one man and two women, making evolutions similar to the buzzing of the drone around the bees.

From these, our Association has recovered the following ones:

  • Fandango cortijero from Almuñécar
  • Fandango “robao” from Otívar
  • Zángano from Motril
  • Mudanzas from Motril*
  • Verdiales from La Caleta*
  • Fandango cortijero from La Herradura*
  • Mudanzas de Vélez from Benaudalla*
  • Fandango from la Siega (Málaga)
  • Verdiales from Santa Catalina (Málaga)
  • Fandango from Comares (Málaga)
  • Fandango from Alozaina (Málaga)

The Alpujarra is a historical Andalusian region located on the south side of Sierra Nevada, so it is adjoining the coast. It is a space of an enormous natural beauty and big contrasts. Because of its mild climate, combined with a permanent source of water due to the irrigation of the rivers that come down from Sierra Nevada, the valleys from La Alpujarra enjoy an important degree of fertility. In this area, the fandango takes the shape of “trovo”, consisting of the improvisation of “dialogued poetry” over a musical folcloric base.

From the Alpujarra and the south area of the province, our Association recovered:

  • Dance of the trovos from Murtas
  • Dance of the trovos from Albuñol*
  • Fandango “robao” from Albuñol*
  • Mudanzas from the Alpujarra (Cortijo de la Nora – Albuñol)*
  • Mudanzas from Órgiva*
  • Fandango from Alhama*
  • Fandango from Játar

 

The dances marked with a * were rescued by members of the group of Coros y Danzas from the province of Granada among the 40s and the 70s and are found in our files, but today they do not take part of our active collection from the Association. A process has begun to catch up these dances.

 

 

 

 

 

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